The 5 Factors Of Fitness

The 5 Factors Of Fitness

Everyone has a different idea of what it means to be fit and yet scientifically there are five factors that come into play when determining how fit you really are. So whether you think a slender frame, muscles, a perfect hourglass figure or a number of other body types are fit, when it comes down to it, physical appearance doesn’t necessarily dictate how fit a person is. Despite what you may look like externally, here are the 5 factors that you need to take into consideration on your path to becoming fit. Ideally a well-rounded, effective fitness program should target and improve all of these areas.

Body Fat Percentage

Body fat composition is a good indicator when determining one’s fitness level. When it comes to one’s body fat percentage, physical appearance isn’t the best indicator. For instance, a person who looks thin on the outside may still have a high body fat percentage if they don’t exercise or eat healthily. Body fat composition simply means how much fat one has on their body in relation to their entire body mass. To qualify as fit, a woman should have less than 24 percent body fat and a man should have less than 17 percent body fat.

Muscular Strength

How powerful your muscles are, dictates how fit you are. Developing your muscle strength so that you are able to lift and carry a heavier weight has a direct correlation to your fitness level. If you are trying to improve your fitness level, it is important to incorporate strength training into your program.


Muscular endurance refers to the ability to carry a heavy weight for an extended period of time. Although you may have the strength to lift heavy, being fit also means that you have the strength to lift heavy for minute’s not just seconds. In order to develop your muscular endurance, incorporate lifting light-weights for a longer period of time.

Cardiovascular Endurance

Cardiovascular health is important for an individual’s overall wellbeing. Cardiovascular endurance refers to the ability of the heart and respiratory system to supply oxygen to the entire body for extended periods of time. Exercises like running, swimming, cycling, among others, improve your heart and lungs ability to work together to supply you with the necessary amount of oxygen. Cardio exercises are an essential part of a well-rounded fitness program.


Flexibility is an essential component to fitness as it keeps your joints and muscles from growing stiff. Without developing your flexibility you will hinder your performance over time, as your body’s movement will become restricted. Flexibility training, through stretching, will ensure that your body can reach its full range of motion without experiencing pain or stiffness.

1. Fit Day


3. Huffington Post

K.T. Edwards